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Pregnancy: When Will My Chihuahua Give Birth?

What’s the deal with chihuahua pregnancy? Does she need special care compared to other breeds? How will you know she’s already giving birth? This article is tailored to answer your questions regarding the journey of your pregnant chihuahua. This season of your chihuahua is her most sensitive situation, so you have to focus on her and ensure her safety.

First, let’s start on how to identify pregnancy in chihuahuas.


If you suspect your chihuahua is pregnant, it’s essential to know how to determine if that’s the case. Fortunately, diagnosing pregnancy in chihuahuas is much easier than it is with humans. No invasive procedures are necessary, and a vet can usually tell whether or not your pup is expecting at first glance.

However, there are still some factors to consider before jumping the gun and taking your chihuahua out for ice cream (or whatever treat you have her trained to expect). First and foremost: don’t panic! If your sweet little Chi is pregnant, she’ll be fine in most cases (if not all). Here are some indications that can help you decide whether or not she needs an ultrasound exam or other tests performed by a professional veterinarian:

πŸ• What to look out for

Look at your chihuahua’s belly: Is it swollen? If so, that’s a good sign. Another question to ask is if your chihuahua has an appetite. Pregnant chihuahuas are known to be picky eaters, and this is something you should look out for. If she doesn’t want her usual food and is hungry all the time, she may be pregnant!

Does she seem lethargic? If so, this also means that there could be a pup on board! Check your chihuahua’s behavior. Is your chihuahua behaving differently than usual? A pregnant chihuahua would have mood swings from time to time because of the hormonal changes going on within her body (just like human women!) This can include lethargy or even irritability in some cases so pay attention if you start noticing these behaviors coming from your pup!

πŸ• Pregnancy signs

Pregnant chihuahuas will have a distended abdomen, loss of appetite, loss of energy, and weight changes. The gestation period is 63 days (21 days less than other breeds). Pregnancy can be recognized by palpation at 21 days or four weeks after mating. At 30 days or six weeks, they should be examined again. The normal size should remain constant until five months, when the puppies start to grow rapidly due to their growth spurt in preparation for birth.

πŸ• False pregnancy

A false pregnancy is when a female chihuahua shows signs of pregnancy but is not actually pregnant. Symptoms include swollen belly and milk production. Hormonal changes usually cause false pregnancies, and the chihuahua can be affected for up to 3 months.

If you see these manifestations in your chihuahua, don’t worry, she’s healthy! She just needs some extra love and attention from her humans.

πŸ• Posing for X-Rays

X-rays are used to determine the number of puppies the mother chihuahua is carrying, the position of the puppies, and their health. The veterinarian will perform an X-ray of your chihuahua’s abdomen to find out how many puppies she is carrying. If it turns out that you have a pregnant Chi on your hands, you can expect her to show the signs mentioned above.

πŸ• Ultrasonography

Ultrasonography is a diagnostic technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to examine the internal organs of animals and humans. You can use it in both pregnant dogs and cats, as well as non-pregnant female dogs and cats whose reproductive organs need to be examined. Ultrasonography is not painful for your chihuahua, but it does require some patience on the part of both parties.

See also
Why Is My Chihuahua So Skinny? 7 Possible Reasons

A technician will place a probe (which looks similar to an endoscope) into your chihuahua’s vagina or rectum and inject sterile saline solution into her body cavity through the probe. The saline solution will then flow through your chihuahua’s reproductive tract, allowing ultrasound waves to pass through her abdominal cavity and reflect off internal structures such as her uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. 

By analyzing these reflected waves coming from different parts of your chihuahua’s reproductive system, we can determine if there are any oddities present in these areas that could lead us to suspect pregnancy by this method alone!

πŸ• Hormone tests

The most accurate way to determine the pregnancy of your chihuahua is through hormone tests. This can be performed on blood or urine, depending on what you and your veterinarian decide. You can also have an ultrasound done, and the technician will look at the size of the puppies to see if they’re within their appropriate time frame.

The best time for this test is between 4 – 6 weeks after breeding, but it can also be performed at any time during pregnancy (after eight weeks).

πŸ• Vet checks

You can’t perform pregnancy tests on your chihuahua by yourself. A vet will have to do it. For false pregnancy, this can happen when an ovary releases eggs during heat cycles or when there is some other problem with the reproductive system. In order to test for this condition, you’ll need to bring your chihuahua to the vet and let them examine her uterus and ovaries (to see if they look normal). If everything looks fine, then she might be experiencing false pregnancies instead of true ones.

If you want to get a view of how many puppies are in her future before taking her in for medical care, then try performing a simple at-home test: Just place two fingers inside her vagina and count how many bumps there are; on either side!


chihuahua pregnancy
Photo credits: Sharon McCutcheon

πŸ• Heat cycle

The heat cycle of a chihuahua lasts about three weeks. If you have not already, it is important that you start keeping track of your pup’s heat. You will be able to tell when she is in heat by noticing her behavior and body language. A female chihuahua will become very affectionate towards the owner and may even try to climb into bed with them at night! Their vulva will also become swollen and pink during this time period.

πŸ• Gestation period

Chihuahua pregnancies are usually 63 days long, which is why it’s common for people to say that your chihuahua will give birth in 2 months. Chihuahua gestation begins when the fertilized egg implants in the dog’s uterus, which can be anywhere from 13-21 days after mating. The average span of a chihuahua pregnancy is two months from ovulation to whelping (birth).

πŸ• Birthing

Female chihuahuas do give birth easily and quickly most of the time, with little or no assistance. The female chihuahua’s body is designed to carry puppies and give birth to them naturally.

If you have never seen a pregnant chihuahua, it might be hard to imagine how big she will get. A normal-sized chihuahua will grow up to 15 inches long from nose tip to tail tip and weigh just under 5 pounds at maturity. Her puppies are typically born in litters of 3-6 puppies but can be as many as 12 or more! It is typical for a first-time mother chihuahua to have six puppies in her first litter (or even more than that), with each puppy weighing less than 2 ounces at birth.

See also
Can You Give a Chihuahua Baby Aspirin?

πŸ• Stress-free pregnancy

There are some factors you can do to ensure that your dog has a healthy, stress-free pregnancy. First and foremost, pay attention to their diet. A healthy diet will help prevent complications during the latter stages of pregnancy, as well as ensure that she’ll have plenty of energy to give birth. You should also be sure that your chihuahua gets lots of exercise. Getting her out for walks or playing with her regularly will keep her body strong and ready for labor. Lastly, be sure to provide her with plenty of love and affection during this time. This is an exciting time for both you and your pup!

We will discuss this more in the latter part of this article.

πŸ• Litter size

The number of puppies in a litter is dependent on the size of the mother. Smaller breeds usually have smaller litters, and larger breeds tend to have larger litters. The size of each puppy also plays a role in determining litter size, as smaller pups have fewer siblings than larger ones do. In general, chihuahua litters range from two puppies to seven puppies, with an average litter size of 3-6 pups.


Pregnancy is a time of excitement for any owner, but it can be dangerous for your chihuahua. The size of the animal makes them especially susceptible to medical emergencies during pregnancy and birth. This event is where your presence is of utmost need. So read this section to learn how to care for a pregnant Chi.

Much like any pregnant animal or human, pregnant chihuahuas have special needs. Chihuahuas are at risk for medical emergencies during pregnancy and birth. But with proper care, you can help ensure your Chi’s health both before and after pregnancy.

chihuahua pregnancy

πŸ• Avoid overexcitement

The first and most significant thing to keep in mind is it can be dangerous for a pregnant chihuahua to get too excited or too stressed. She may also want more privacy than she used to. It’s best not to let her jump up or down from high places, exercise (not even just a little), get too excited or too stressed, climb in and out of her bed, play rough with other dogs, eat strange things off the floor. Anything that could upset her system!

If she seems nervous or sickly at all like she’s losing weight without trying, acting lethargic, having trouble breathing, or having unusual water intake, take her immediately to the vet. You can also ask your vet if there are any other things you should know about taking care of your pregnant chihuahua during this time period.

πŸ• Be very gentle

If you need to lift a small pregnant chihuahua, you can use this method:

  • Place your hand underneath the chihuahua’s chest and gently scoop up her hind legs.
  • Bring her body up so that the back of her thighs are resting on your forearm (don’t pull on any part of her body).
  • Gently place one foot in front of the other while keeping both hands firmly and gently holding onto your chihuahua as she walks/hops along beside you.

πŸ• Prevent her from climbing and jumping

Don’t let her jump up or down from high places, such as your lap or a couch. This can cause the unborn puppies to become injured or even fall out of the uterus. If you have a dog bed, make sure it’s low enough that she can get in and out without having to jump onto it.

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ILoveChihuahua Acquired Faiththedog.netοΏΌ

You’d be surprised how many pregnant chihuahuas are injured by jumping and falling. If your chihuahua is allowed to jump out of bed, she could easily break a leg or sprain an ankle. The same goes for jumping into or out of the car.

Too many pregnant chihuahuas end up with broken legs because their owners let them get into cars without having been trained to do so first, and then they don’t know what they’re supposed to do when they get there! No matter how cute it looks, it’s not worth risking your chihuahua’s health, especially if there are puppies inside her belly.

πŸ• No vigorous exercise

You should also avoid letting her exercise for the same reason. You may think it’s a small amount of time, but your chihuahua’s baby is still at risk for medical emergencies during pregnancy and birth. Plus, the size of chihuahuas makes them more susceptible to complications during pregnancy and birth than other breeds.

πŸ• Consider the size of your pet

Chihuahuas are at risk for medical emergencies during pregnancy and birth. The smaller dogs are at a higher risk of not being able to give birth, which can cause grave problems for both the mother chihuahua and the puppy. Even if your chihuahua does have puppies successfully, there is still a chance that something could go wrong during delivery. Puppies can be born feet first or too early. Both of these scenarios can lead to death for mom, baby, or both!

πŸ• Remove other pets

Male chihuahuas, in particular, can be aggressive toward a pregnant chihuahua, even if he’s been raised with the female chihuahua and is used to her. As soon as she begins carrying puppies, it’s best to separate them from any male chihuahuas that may be around. The same goes for other animals and people in your home. Keep them out of the way until after the puppies are born.

If you have another dog that could be aggressive towards your pregnant chihuahua, it’s better to keep him away from her until you’re sure all three of them will get along well when she has her litter of puppies.


Pregnancy is a joyous time for dog owners, but it can also be a stressful time. If you think your chihuahua is pregnant and suddenly goes into labor unexpectedly, here are some tips on how to help her through this process:

chihuahua pregnancy journey

πŸ• Large box

Get a large box and fill it with shredded paper or towels. Then, place the box near your chihuahua’s bed so they can get used to it. Some chihuahuas may even like to sleep in the box, so be sure that you have enough room for them! Make sure the box is in a quiet, semi-private area. You can safely leave your chihuahua with minimal supervision so that she can deliver her puppies safely and successfully.

When your other dogs are at home, it’s best to keep them away from the birthing area. This is because they might want to eat one of the puppies or even the mother chihuahua herself! They may also try to eat her placenta and afterbirth, which could be dangerous for both her and her puppies. In some cases, dogs will even try to bite the umbilical cords that connect mother and child.

See also
Why Is My Chihuahua Always Hungry? Possible Causes

πŸ• Heating pad

Put a heating pad into the box and set it on low or medium, not high. It should be positioned directly on top of the blanket and underneath your chihuahua, not directly on her skin.

Monitor the temperature of your chihuahua’s environment to make sure it isn’t too hot for her safety and comfort. This is especially crucial if you’re using an old heating pad that doesn’t have any kind of automatic shut-off function (and it’s worth checking whether this is true even if you do have such a device).

πŸ• Soft towel

You will need a clean towel large enough for the chihuahua to lie on. The mother should be comfortable and relaxed during delivery. Make sure that your towel is soft and free of loose threads or other items that might scratch her skin.

πŸ• Ice and water

Chihuahuas have very different processing of water than humans, so in the case of an unplanned delivery, you may need to help your chihuahua stay hydrated. This can be done with ice cubes. The coldness will numb the pain for your chihuahua and also keep her from swelling up as much during labor if she does not have time to drink water on her own. There is no more acceptable way to keep your pregnant chihuahua healthy than by giving her ice cubes throughout labor (and afterward), so she stays hydrated and comfortable through the process!

πŸ• Call your vet

It’s important to call your veterinarian after each puppy is delivered to ensure that she is progressing normally. If you do not call your vet, it may delay their ability to determine if your chihuahua is progressing normally.

Your veterinarian will ask about how many puppies you think your chihuahua has delivered and then examine her for any abnormalities or complications. If the veterinarian confirms that all of the puppies were delivered and there are no other signs of infection, they will likely release her from their care within 24 hours of delivery.


There is nothing more thrilling than seeing a litter of puppies born. It’s the best thing that can happen to a family. However, it can be problematic at first because you have to learn how to take care of them properly. Here are some recommendations on caring for your new tiny chihuahuas!

πŸ• Feed the puppies

Feed the chihuahua puppies at the same time every day and in the same way each time. This will help to build up their routine and ensure that they are getting a consistent amount of food.

Don’t feed them too much or too little. If you overfeed them, they will fill up on water and won’t be able to digest all of their food properly. This means that they’ll be more likely to get sick. If you underfeed them, then again, it’s important that they’re getting enough nutrients from whatever food you choose for them so as not to weaken their immune system or leave them prone to other illnesses like scurvy.

πŸ• Bathroom breaks

Take the chihuahua puppies out of their cage and let them roam around your house. They should be able to play with toys, socialize with other dogs, and even have time to play with you. If there are other individuals in the house that are not directly involved in caring for the puppies (such as friends or family), make sure they know how to interact safely with puppies.

See also
Signs That A Chihuahua Is Pregnant

It is also important to let them out of their cage so that they can start learning where to pee while growing.

πŸ• Help mother chihuahua

The puppies need to be fed about six times a day. You will also have to help the mother chihuahua clean them and take them for bathroom breaks often since she won’t be able to do this alone.

As you feed each puppy, take care not to let any milk get in their eyes or ears because it could cause an infection. Also, don’t put any milk on the puppy’s face because it can make them sick! After feeding each puppy, gently brush its fur with a soft-bristled brush so that they stay warm while their mother is away from the nest box (or nest).

πŸ• Brush the dogs

Brushing your chihuahuas is a great way to help keep them clean, and it also helps with shedding. In addition to keeping their coat neat and healthy, brushing can improve the blood circulation to your chihuahua’s skin. This allows their skin cells to renew quickly, which helps keep them from getting dry or flaky. Brushing can also help give your chihuahuas’ coat a nice shine!

πŸ• Teaching while growing

The chihuahua puppies are so adorable that it’s hard to resist playing with them. They are so cute! You will have fun teaching them new things. The puppies love their food, toys, and their mommy and daddy dog. They are small and playful by nature, but they also need lots of care when they are young. That’s why you should start caring for the puppies right away! So if you want your pets to live long lives, it’s important that they get proper care from an early age

(You can also click here for the complete list on how to care for puppies.)


A chihuahua puppy is considered a baby. They are born without their fur coat, but it will grow back in about 6 to 8 weeks. The eyes of your puppy will open after two days. Its ears will be up by two weeks old, and its teeth should begin to appear at 3 to 4 weeks old.

It is best to keep the mother and babies together for at least three days because this allows them time to bond with each other before separating them for good reasons such as separation anxiety or illness due to stress during the birth process which can result in a weakened mother or stillbirths!

πŸ• After the birth

If the mother chihuahua is healthy, has been eating and drinking, is still nursing, and is not too tired or stressed, you are in business. If any of these things have been problematic, you need to take action right away. Then, if she is still bleeding heavily (a lot of blood), call your doctor immediately. While it may seem extreme, if her bleeding continues for more than 24 hours after the birth, this can lead to iron depletion and anemia later on in life for both mother and child. This can be helped by giving the mother Vitamin C along with some fresh squeezed orange juice daily for two weeks after delivery day.

If she has not been able to keep down any food or liquids at all, then try offering her small amounts again, one at a time every 15 minutes, until she gets sick again or starts vomiting, which means she needs rest for now. But if there is no vomiting, keep offering small amounts of food every 20 minutes until she eats something solid. This is because even though it may be tempting, just sitting around doing nothing while everyone else goes about their lives feels better than being sick when they’re not around so take advantage of those few free moments when no one needs anything from us!

See also
Chihuahuas Health: What to Expect and How to Care for Them

πŸ• Separation

After the chihuahua puppies have been weaned, you should separate the mother from her litter. This will help her to recover faster.

  • Don’t let the mother chihuahua eat any of the puppies’ food or drink their water.
  • Don’t let the mother chihuahua play with them. They may get hurt or sick if they do this too soon after being born.
  • Avoid letting her lick any part of their bodies (including ears, feet, and tails). This can cause infection in those areas that she regularly licks as a puppy herself.
  • Don’t let her sleep with them if you cannot supervise her every move. Otherwise, she might accidentally suffocate one by rolling on top of it while sleeping!

πŸ• Feeding the mother

I already mentioned some feeding tips in the first part of this section. But here is the complete way of doing it.

The first few days after birth, the mother should be fed every three hours. The diet should consist of high-calorie foods such as coconut oil, honey, and breast milk. A protein-rich diet can also be given to help improve the quality of the milk. A fat-rich diet is recommended for both growth of her puppies and for replenishing her stores.

Proteins are needed for growth, but sources like eggs are not easily available in rural areas, so it’s advisable to use meat from animals like cows and pigs instead since these foods can be easily obtained in these parts of the world. Carbohydrates are also important because they provide energy which helps mother chihuahuas recover faster after giving birth and will make them feel less tired when feeding their babies regularly during this time period!

πŸ• Weak mother chihuahua

If a mother chihuahua feels weak and loses her appetite during the postpartum period, this could result in a lack of breast milk production. Possible complications may include infection, dehydration, stillbirth or even death. In some cases, it may be required for a cesarean section to take place at this time (if it has not already been performed).


Chihuahuas are popular small house pets, but they are not infertile dogs. They are fertile canine animals, and through careful planning, you can breed your chihuahua. It may be difficult raising a litter of chihuahua puppies, as they are difficult to take care of. As shown here, there are many things to think about when raising a chihuahua. The pregnancy period for a chihuahua can be quite challenging since owners of this breed have to face several pregnancy complications during the period.

So i hope this article will be useful and have answered all your major questions about the pregnancy journey of your chihuahua.